CAEP Emergency Physician of the Year – Dr. David Lewis

A huge congratulations goes out to our very own Dr. David Lewis who is one of the recipients of 2020’s CAEP Emergency Physician of the Year – Urban! This is an annual award recognizing excellence in the specialty of emergency medicine and is awarded to a physician who has made outstanding contributions to the field in a number of areas including patient care, community service, healthcare administration and CAEP activities.

Dr. Lewis is an integral part of our emergency department as Assistant Clinical Departmental Head, Ultrasound Program Director, Informatics Lead and as a senior clinician. He has been actively involved with CAEP as a member of the planning committee, ultrasound committee and as Scientific Co-chair. Dr. Lewis continues to contribute to research as an editor with CJEM and as an active contributor to local projects. Last year he co-founded the PoCUS Fellowship program with the intentions of promoting the capabilities of PoCUS, and training fellows who will then carry on this knowledge in administering their own programs. Clinically, he is a seasoned member of the department with a wealth of experience and one committed to excellent patient care.

It comes as no surprise that Dr. Lewis has been awarded this honour – congratulations and SJRHEM is so happy to call you our own!

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Great ideas and making things better

I heard Dr. Dylan Blacquiere speaking on the radio while driving home after one of those busy D2 shifts on Friday, and it really cheered me up to hear him describe how we all in Saint John are leading the way in managing acute stroke care.
From EMS, through Emergency Medicine, diagnostic and intervention radiology, internal medicine and neurology, Saint John Regional Hospital (probably more appropriately Saint John University Hospital) provides a world class service for stroke patients in New Brunswick.
This got me thinking about many of the other innovations and ideas that we continue to push forward locally, especially relating to emergency medicine, and how important it is not to let ourselves become disillusioned by busy shifts, perceived administrative inertia, perceived injustices, crowding and many of the negatives we face, and will likely continue to face for sometime.
To name but a few, we can be proud of the integrated STEMI program we have from EMS to Cath Lab, the Point of Care Ultrasound program that leads in this nationally and beyond, the new Trauma Team leadership program, the patient wellness initiatives such as the photography competition corridor that make things just a little brighter for patients, the regionally dominant and growing simulation program, the regional and local nursing education programs, the nationally unique and hugely popular 3 year EM residency program, the impact of our faculty on medical education at DMNB, the leading clinical care provided by a certified faculty of emergency physicians, our website, our multidisciplinary M&M and quality programs, many of the research initiatives underway including development of an ECMO/ECPR program with the NB Heart Centre, improving detection of domestic violence, innovations around tackling crowding, preventing staff burnout, better radiology requesting, encouraging exercise prescriptions, and much more.
I was particularly impressed how Dylan explained the integrative approach that was required to improve stroke care, and how that was achieved here. There are many other areas that we can also improve, innovate and lead in. Every day we see ways to make things better.
I hope that at this point in our department’s journey, we can continue to make the changes that matter, for patients, our departmental staff, physicians, nurses and support staff alike.
I encourage all of us to think of one area we can improve, to plan for change and for us all to support each other to achieve those improvements. Some of our residents are embarking on very interesting projects, such as designing early pregnancy clinic frameworks, models to improve performance under stress, and simulating EMS ECPR algorithms – all new innovations, not just chart reviews of what we are already doing. I encourage us all to support them, and others with these projects, and to begin to create innovation priorities for the department.
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SHoC blog from @CanadiEM

Social media site @CanadiEM recently featured the @CJEMonline @IFEM2 #SHoC Consensus Protocol, featuring authors from @SJRHEM among others.

So why do we need another ultrasound protocol in emergency medicine? RUSHing from the original FAST scan, playing the ACES, FOCUSing on the CAUSE and meeting our FATE, it may seem SHoCking that many of these scanning protocols are not based on disease incidence or data on their impact, but rather on expert opinion. The Sonography in Hypotension (SHoC) protocols were developed by an international group of critical care and emergency physicians, using a Delphi consensus process, based upon the actual incidence of sonographic pathology detected in previously published international prospective studies [Milne; Gaspari]. The protocols are formulated to help the clinician utilize ultrasound to confirm or exclude common causes, and guides them to consider core, supplementary and additional views, depending upon the likely cause specific to the case.

Why would I take the time to scan the aorta of a 22 year old female with hypotension, when looking for pelvic free fluid might be more appropriate? Why would I not look for lung sliding, or B lines in a breathless shocked patient? Consideration of the shock category by addressing the “4 Fs” (fluid, form, function, and filling) will provide a sense of the best initial therapy and should help guide other investigations. Differentiating cardiogenic shock (a poorly contracting, enlarged heart, widespread lung B lines, and an engorged IVC) in an elderly hypotensive breathless patient, from sepsis (a vigorously contracting, normally sized or small heart, focal or no B lines, and an empty IVC) will change the initial resuscitation plan dramatically. Differentiating cardiac tamponade from tension pneumothorax in apparent obstructive shock or cardiac arrest will lead to dramatically differing interventions.

SHoC guides the clinician towards the more likely positive findings found in hypotensive patients and during cardiac arrest, while providing flexibility to tailor other windows to the questions the clinician needs to answer. One side does not fit all. That is hardly SHoCing news. Prospective validation of ultrasound protocols is necessary, and I look forward to future analysis of the effectiveness of these protocols.


Scalea TM, Rodriguez A, Chiu WC, et al. Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST): results from an inter- national consensus conference. J Trauma 1999;46:466-72.

Labovitz AJ, Noble VE, Bierig M, Goldstein SA, Jones R, Kort S, Porter TR, Spencer KT, Tayal VS, Wei K. Focused cardiac ultrasound in the emergent setting: a consensus statement of the American Society of Echocardiography and American College of Emergency Physicians. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. 2010 Dec 31;23(12):1225-30.

Hernandez C, Shuler K, Hannan H, Sonyika C, Likourezos A, Marshall J. C.A.U.S.E.: cardiac arrest ultra-sound exam – a better approach to managing patients in primary non-arrhythmogenic cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 2008;76:198–206

Atkinson PR, McAuley DJ, Kendall RJ, et al. Abdominal and Cardiac Evaluation with Sonography in Shock (ACES): an approach by emergency physicians for the use of ultrasound in patients with undifferentiated hypotension. Emerg Med J 2009;26:87–91

Perera P, Mailhot T, Riley D, Mandavia D. The RUSH exam: Rapid Ultrasound in Shock in the evaluation of the critically lll. Emerg Med Clin North Am 2010;28:29 – 56

Jensen MB, Sloth E, Larsen KM, Schmidt MB: Transthoracic echocardiography for cardiopulmonary monitoring in intensive care. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2004, 21: 700-707.

Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S, Noble VE, Nomura JT, Theodoro D, Woo M, Atkinson P, Blehar D, Brown SM, Caffery T. Emergency department point-of-care ultrasound in out-of-hospital and in-ED cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2016 Dec 31;109:33-9.

Milne J, Atkinson P, Lewis D, et al. (April 08, 2016) Sonography in Hypotension and Cardiac Arrest (SHoC): Rates of Abnormal Findings in Undifferentiated Hypotension and During Cardiac Arrest as a Basis for Consensus on a Hierarchical Point of Care Ultrasound Protocol. Cureus 8(4): e564. doi:10.7759/cureus.564

Sonography in Hypotension and Cardiac Arrest: The SHoC Consensus Statement

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SJRHEM Photo Competition – Results – Respect Category

Click on image for full size picture


In 3rd Equal place (Two Photographs)….


Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse

Cherie Adams 



Bald Eagle, Rothesay Yacht Club

This eagle perched here for 2 days, patiently surveying the lagoon for prey.

David Lewis


In Second Place….


Respecting Sisters

Beth Agar 


And the Winner is….


Work Family

We argue, laugh, cry, spend holidays together, become friends, support, carry, & celebrate each other all hours of the day and night. We’re more than just coworkers. We’re not even just friends. We’re family.

Sonja Skodje 



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SJRHEM Photo Competition – Results – Integrity Category

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In 4th Equal Place (Three Photographs)….



Hiking in Italy, we came across a hill covered in Inukshuks.  The scene from afar was beautiful set on a mountainous peak, but up close, the precariousness is apparent.

Caroline Mackay 



Routine Checks

Keeping us safe, one routine check at a time. Thanks to the SJPD for keeping us all in line & being there when we need them most.

Sonja Skodje



EM Residents

This group of residents demonstrate integrity in their approach to learning the skills required to become an Emergency Physician

Peter Ross


And the Winners are (Three Photographs are the joint winners)….


Gross Morne Descent

Cherie Adams 


Boat Work

Maritime Traditions: the beauty of a culture

Mike Howlett 



Starboard Mooring

Cherie Adams 



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SJRHEM Photo Competition – Results – Fairness Category

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In 3rd place….



Cherie Adams 


In Second Place….


Marriage Tree

An outdoor church used by slaves at the Magnolia Plantation in South Carolina.  This is the place where a man and women would secretly marry by jumping over a broom.

Erica Ataellahi


And the Winner is….


Whole World in His Hands

My Dad’s Hands.. Taken by my sister Rose McKenna ( Ex ER Staff)

Sandra McCavour / Rose McKenna



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SJRHEM Photo Competition – Results – Caring Category

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In 3rd place….


Last Embrace

Holding my Mom’s Hand as she took her last Breath

Sandra McCavour


In Second Place….


Sibling love

Big sister, Khloe, age 6, didn’t want to leave her baby brother’s side, Karter, age 4 months, when he wasn’t feeling too well & being admitted to Pediatrics. Karter snuggled & calmed down, vital signs normalizing, with Khloe next to him.

Sonja Skodje 


And the Winner is….


Silhouette Happiness

A classic moment of joy between a father and son

Mike Howlett



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SJRHEM Photo Competition – Shortlist and Results


If you would like to make a donation to the Saint John Regional Foundation – Jane Howlett Memorial Fund please follow this link.


Purchase Framed Prints

If you would like to purchase a framed print of any of the shortlisted photos please contact Beth Agar, [email protected], for price, details etc. Proceeds from photo purchases will go to the Jane Howlett Memorial Fund.


The following photographs have been shortlisted and include the top 3 in each of the 5 categories for the SJRHEM photo competition. The winners (1st, 2nd and 3rd in each category) will be published tomorrow. The judges have commented on the high quality of photographs and the difficult job they had in choosing the best.The Judges are – Tracey Shipley (Communications Horizon), Margaret Melanson (VP Quality Patient Care Horizon), Dr Jo-Ann Talbott, Kevin Goggan (Photographer Horizon). All judges were blinded to the name of the photographer (they had access to an online file of all photos, the title and the narrative) and were asked to rank the top 2 photos in each category and the overall top 10

I have no doubt that, in addition to these photos, some of those not on this shortlist will also be seen on in our corridors in the near future. Thanks to all who entered!

*Update – The results are in – 

Caring Category

Fairness Category

Respect Category

Integrity Category

Open Category

Overall Winner

All Shortlisted Photos in the gallery below (click to view full size)…..


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